Wed, Apr 17, 2024

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Gastro Flash Vol-7 No-2, 2021

Gastro Flash Vol-7 No-2, 2021

Gall bladder disease: A disease of developed nations but present around the world The gall bladder is a small organ located just beneath the liver, holding digestive fluid ‘bile’ to be released into small intestine. Imbalances in the constituents of bile and biliary sludge secondary to gall bladder hypokinesis can lead to the precipitation of insoluble stones that gives rise to a plethora of complications. Gall bladder disease can be regarded as a single disease complex consisting of acute cholecystitis, chronic cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. Furthermore, gallbladder disease also comprises of common bile duct stones, biliary dyskinesia, gallbladder polyps, and gallbladder…
Overview The coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), has known to affect more than 70 million people worldwide and is the cause of COVID-19 that includes both asymptomatic or pauci-symptomatic forms and rapidly progressive deadly forms. Owing to the fact that virus has marked tropism for respiratory tract; SARS-CoV-2 is spread and transmitted mainly through direct or indirect droplets exposure. Also, entry receptor for virus, ACE2, is highly expressed in epithelial cells of the upper airways. COVID-19 also has the potential to alter the gut microbiome, including enrichment of opportunistic organisms and depletion of beneficial commensals.