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Wed, Apr 17, 2024

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Gastro Flash Vol-8 No-2, 2022

Gastro Flash Vol-8 No-2, 2022

Hemorrhoids: An overview Hemorrhoids, defined as the symptomatic enlargement and distal displacement of the normal anal cushions, constitute one of the most common anorectal disorders. Hemorrhoids represent a major medical and socioeconomic problem. Available data suggest that about 50% of the population would have encountered hemorrhoids at some point in their life; the peak incidence of this disease for both genders is from 45 to 65 years.
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Overview Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, is one of the most frequent forms of chronic liver disorder, with steadily increasing incidence rates worldwide. Ranging from hepatic steatosis and steatohepatitis to fibrosis and cirrhosis, NAFLD refers to the significant fat accumulation of hepatocytes (≥5% of the weight of liver) in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption or other causes of liver disease. When individuals present with the features of metabolic syndrome, such as overweight/ obesity, hypertension, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia, it is reasonable to envisage the possibility of NAFLD.