Wed, May 22, 2024

top blank header

Gastro Flash Vol-1 No-2, 2015

Gastro Flash Vol-1 No-2, 2015

Bleeding per rectum: An overview Rectal bleeding, which means bleeding from a site distal to ligament of Treitz, is a manifestation of lower gastrointestinal bleed.1Zia N, Hussain T, Salamat A, et al. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2008;20(1).   Lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a frequent cause of hospital admission and is a factor in hospital morbidity and mortality. Lower GI bleeding can be mild and intermittent, as often is the case of angiodysplasia and colon carcinoma, or moderate or severe, as may be the situation in diverticula-related bleeding. However, colon carcinoma rarely causes significant lower GI bleeding.2Available at: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/188478-overview. Accessed…
The biliary system is affected by diverse spectrum of diseases. Abnormalities in bile composition, biliary anatomy or function may cause a biliary disease. Figure 1 depicts the spectrum of benign biliary diseases, however the majority of clinical events are due to gallstones, either in gallbladder or bile duct.1Dooley JS. Gallstones and Benign Biliary Diseases. Chapter 12. Sherlock's Diseases of the Liver and Biliary System, Twelfth Edition. Published 2011 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.