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Gastro Flash Vol-2 No-1, 2016

Gastro Flash Vol-2 No-1, 2016

Introduction Colon Ischaemia (CI) also called as ischaemic colitis is a condition that occurs when the blood flow to the colon is reduced to such a level that it is unable to maintain cellular metabolic function. The colonocytes eventually become acidotic, dysfunctional; lose their 1 integrity and, ultimately, die.1Brandt LJ, Feuerstadt P, Longstreth GF, Boley SJ. ACG clinical guideline: epidemiology, risk factors, patterns of presentation, diagnosis, and management of colon ischaemia (CI).Am J Gastroenterol 2015; 110:18-44.   CI represents almost half cases of gastrointestinal ischaemia.2Theodoropoulou A, Koutroubakis IE. Ischaemic colitis: clinical practice in diagnosis and treatment. World J Gastroenterol 2008 December…
Introduction Abdominal pain is a common outpatient presentation which is challenging to diagnose.1Cartwright SL, Knudson MP. Evaluation of acute abdominal pain in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2008; 77(7):971-978.   It is the most common cause of hospitalisation in the United states and is responsible for 5% to 10% of all emergency department visits. Out of all the hospitalisations for abdominal pain, 35% to 40% have a nonspecific pain. Acute abdominal pain is a term used to describe acute condition within the abdomen that requires immediate medical or surgical attention. Acute abdominal pain may sometimes not be of abdominal origin and may…