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Sun, Jul 14, 2024

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Nephro Flash Vol-8 No-2, 2022

Nephro Flash Vol-8 No-2, 2022

Urinary tract infections: Overview Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections, accounting for millions of visits in clinics and emergency departments each year, and eventually resulting in thousands of hospitalizations. Furthermore, a gender predilection is frequently seen in these visits, with the overall number of office visits for UTIs being twice as common among the women of all ages as compared with the men. A wide spectrum of clinical scenarios may be seen in cases with UTI, ranging from asymptomatic bacteriuria at one end to sepsis associated with UTI requiring hospitalization at the other end.
Gut dysbiosis and disorders Maintenance of optimal intestinal homeostasis is critical for good health. In the last few decades, a lot has been studied on the effect of altered gut microbiome, offering us unprecedented insights into its complex association with different disorders in children and adults. Gut dysbiosis, as this altered gut microbiome is commonly referred to, can be a consequence of a wide range of causes including infections, drugs, toxins, and diet, and can lead to the development of both intestinal and extraintestinal disorders. Among extraintestinal diseases, gut dysbiosis is proposed as a pathophysiological mechanism in the development of…