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Nephro Flash Vol-9 No-3, 2023

Nephro Flash Vol-9 No-3, 2023

Although the surfacing of hemodialysis has enabled nephrologists to enhance the quality-of-life of the individuals, potassium balance is one of the dangers that accompany end-stage renal disease (ESRD) cases along with an increase in mortality rates. The annual mortality rates of hemodialysis patients in India have been estimated to be 9-13%. According to data available, evidence had shown significant adverse impact of dyskalemia on life expectancy in patients receiving hemodialysis; wherein both hypo- and hyperkalemia can cause potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias and sudden death.Kidney plays a vital role in maintaining potassium ([K]) homeostasis by excreting excess potassium; potassium excretion depends…
Nephrolithiasis, or kidney stones, is one of the most common conditions affecting the urinary system. It is mostly caused by a crystal or crystalline concretion (renal calculi) migrating from the kidney along the urinary tract and becoming stuck creating an obstruction to urinary flow. This obstruction causes proximal ureteral and renal pelvic dilation resulting in the immediate and intense pain known as renal colic. Renal colic is one of the most painful events in a person’s life and is one of the most common presentations of acute pain in emergency.