Sat, Nov 26, 2022

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Uro Flash Vol-7 No-1, 2021

Uro Flash Vol-7 No-1, 2021

Bladder Cancer through a Comprehensive Lens As per the global cancer statistics 2018, bladder cancer (BC) is the 6th most commonly occurring cancer in men and the 17th most commonly occurring cancer in women globally.1 Like many other cancers, this is also non-muscle invasive and muscle invasive; and, progresses through stages (Figure 1). At presentation, approximately 70% are non-muscle-invasive ‘NMIBC’ (stage 0, I) and 30% muscle-invasive ‘MIBC’ (stage II, III, IV).2 It is very important to note that 10–30% of patients with NMIBC progress to invasive disease. Thus, early diagnosis is very important.3 It is also seen that of the…
Urolithiasis: An Overview Urolithiasis is the formation of stones in the urinary system including the ureters, bladder, and urethra.1,2 Urolithiasis affects about 12% of the world population at some stage in their lifetime and remains a major issue regarding health and well-being of individuals.3,4 The incidence of urolithiasis seems to peak in the 3rd and 4th decades, with prevalence increasing with age until approximately the age of 70 years.5 The condition affects more men as compared to women (10.6% vs. 7.1%). 2 In India, 12% of the population is expected to have urinary stones, and almost half of them may…