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Uro Flash Vol-8 No-1, 2022

Uro Flash Vol-8 No-1, 2022

Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome Interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) is a debilitating condition of unknown etiology. It is characterized by persistent pelvic pain with lower urinary tract symptoms and comprises a wide variety of potentially clinically useful phenotypes with different possible etiologies. Clinical manifestations of IC/BPS overlap with variety of entities/ diseases, such as overactive bladder, recurrent UTI, chronic pelvic pain syndrome, chronic urethral syndrome, vulvodynia, prostatitis in men, and endometriosis in women. Symptoms of IC/BPS patients often coexist with insomnia, depression, anxiety, and sexual dysfunction, thus resulting in impaired quality of life and withdrawal from social activities.
Burden of Nephrolithiasis Nephrolithiasis is a global problem affecting all geographical regions throughout the globe. It is the most common condition affecting the urinary system, with annual approximate prevalence of 3-5% and approximate life time prevalence of 15-25%. Although nephrolithiasis may occur at any age, onset is more common in young and middle-aged adults. Lifetime prevalence is estimated at 13% for men and 7% for women. Nephrolithiasis tends to be recurrent in most of the renal calculi patients. The rate of recurrence of renal calculi in patients after 1st time occurrence has been estimated to be 14% at 1st year,…