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Uro Flash Vol-8 No-3, 2022

Uro Flash Vol-8 No-3, 2022

Chronic kidney disease in children: Overview Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a clinical condition marked by a progressive irreversible loss of kidney function, which can gradually advance to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Although CKD is more common in adults, its true burden in children, especially in developing nations is poorly acknowledged. Research in this context has revealed that children with CKD pose unique challenges to the healthcare system, likely due to the primary renal disorder per se as well as the associated extra-renal symptoms. Moreover, since the majority of children with CKD in its early stages remain undiagnosed and…
Burden of Urolithiasis Urolithiasis—the formation of stones in the kidney, bladder, and/or urethra— is one of the most common urologic diseases worldwide, with an estimated prevalence ranging from 2% to 20% in different regions across the globe. Recent evidence suggests that the prevalence of urolithiasis is on the rise globally owing to various factors, including changes in social conditions, dietary habits, climate, and disease comorbidities.